Can You Be a Nurse With a Felony? (the TRUTH From a Lawyer)
This is going to deal with people who may be thinking of going to nursing school. They might decide, alright, maybe I can get into nursing school. But will getting a license from a state be a problem down the road? I’m not going to focus on a currently licensed nurse who gets a felony. In short, if you do have a felony in your past, can it completely bar you from becoming a nurse? The short answer is no. But, it’s going to be state-specific. I’m not going to talk about one state over another. This will be a general analysis of how to determine if you can get a license or not.
First, every state is going to have different rules, unfortunately. So if you apply to one state, it might be no problem. With another, it might be a complete bar to getting licensed. Before you go into nursing school, you must think, what state do I want to end up in? Then you need to research the rules of that state to figure out what felony conviction issues there are.
Most states won’t completely bar you to license if you’ve had a past felony. But they will initiate an investigation and then investigate. What was the reason behind the conviction? That conviction is going to be a big determining factor in whether you can get licensed or not.
Can You Be a Nurse With a Felony?
The ability to become a nurse with a felony on one’s record varies depending on the state and the nature of the felony. While some states may have strict regulations prohibiting individuals with certain felony convictions from pursuing a nursing career, others may offer opportunities for rehabilitation and reconsideration after a specific period has passed since the completion of the sentence.
In general, nursing boards review each case individually, taking into account factors such as the nature and severity of the felony, the time elapsed since the conviction, and any evidence of rehabilitation. It is essential for aspiring nurses with a felony to research their state’s specific regulations and requirements, as well as to be honest and forthcoming about their background during the licensure or certification process.
Ultimately, while having a felony on your record can make it more challenging to become a nurse, it may not be impossible. Demonstrating personal growth, rehabilitation, and a commitment to the nursing profession can help increase the chances of obtaining licensure or certification in some states.
What Disqualifies You From Being a Nurse?
There are several factors that can disqualify an individual from pursuing a career in nursing. These include major misdemeanor convictions and felony convictions. Major misdemeanors may involve crimes related to weapons, violence, embezzlement, dishonesty, misappropriation, fraud, or sex crimes. Felony convictions are considered more severe and can be automatic disqualifiers. Additionally, substance abuse issues, failure to pass a background check, or providing false information during the licensing process can also impact one’s eligibility. It is essential to maintain ethical and professional standards to ensure patient safety and uphold the integrity of the nursing profession.
Chelle Law offers expert legal guidance for nurses in Arizona, providing dedicated representation before the Arizona Board of Nursing.
Enrolling in Nursing School with a Felony Record
The first thing you should probably do is call an attorney in the state you want to get licensed in who deals with nursing board issues. They’re not going to give you a “you will get licensed”, or “there’s no way” answer. But they can give you some general guidelines of what they’ve done before. The rules they’ve followed as far as felonies go. Also what you can do to put yourself in the best position to get licensed. That’s the most efficient use of your time.
You could also go on the board’s website and find out what the rules are for felonies. Some states call it a “felony bar,” so Google that. But let’s say you do apply, they run a criminal background check, and it pops up. Almost every application is going to state that if you’ve had a felony, you must disclose it. Then you’ll need to provide police records, court documents, or any documentation saying you’ve completed your sentence.
After you gather all of that, the board usually wants you to write a statement about what happened. At some point, you’ll have an interview with the board investigator. They will inquire about the reasons behind the incident. Now, some felony crimes will probably completely bar you from ever getting a license. Any kind of child abuse, sexual misconduct, and involving yourself in the distribution of prescription drug felonies are some examples. You’re going to have access to all the narcotics in the world when you’re a nurse. So if you have any convictions before with diverting or selling prescription meds, they’re going to be very concerned about that.
Can You Be Blacklisted as a Nurse?
In the nursing profession, being blacklisted refers to situations where a nurse is designated as “Do Not Send” (DNS), “Do Not Use” (DNU), or “Do Not Call” (DNC). This may occur due to concerns about the individual’s professional conduct, performance, or other factors. The blacklist may apply to a specific nursing agency, a particular hospital, or an entire hospital system. However, being blacklisted does not necessarily mean the end of a nursing career. Nurses have the opportunity to address the issues that led to their blacklisting and potentially regain their professional standing by demonstrating improvement, engaging in continuing education, or seeking employment in different healthcare settings.
LPN vs RN
Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs) and Registered Nurses (RNs) are two distinct nursing roles with varying responsibilities, educational requirements, and career opportunities. LPNs, sometimes referred to as Licensed Vocational Nurses (LVNs), provide basic patient care under the supervision of RNs or physicians, including monitoring vital signs, administering medications, and attending to patients’ comfort and hygiene needs.
On the other hand, RNs have a more comprehensive scope of practice, which includes assessing and creating care plans for patients, administering advanced treatments, collaborating with healthcare teams, and providing patient education. RNs are required to have an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) or a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), while LPNs typically complete a practical nursing program lasting around 12 months.
In terms of career advancement and salary, RNs generally have more opportunities for growth and earn higher wages compared to LPNs. Both LPN and RN roles are crucial in providing quality patient care, with each position offering unique contributions to the healthcare team based on their specific education and skill set.
Can You be a Nurse With a Criminal Record?
The possibility of becoming a nurse with a criminal record depends on the nature of the offense and the specific regulations established by the nursing board in each state. While some convictions may not automatically disqualify an individual from pursuing a nursing career, others might require a waiting period after the completion of the sentence or may permanently bar a person from obtaining licensure.
Nursing boards typically conduct thorough background checks on applicants, and many require full disclosure of criminal convictions. The boards consider various factors, such as the severity of the crime, the time elapsed since the offense, evidence of rehabilitation, and the relevance of the conviction to the nursing profession. It is essential to check the specific guidelines and requirements of the nursing board in your state to determine the impact of a criminal record on your eligibility for licensure.
Honesty and transparency during the application process are critical, as failure to disclose a criminal record may result in denial of licensure or disciplinary action. It is also advisable to consult a legal professional for guidance on navigating the process and understanding your rights and options.
Criminal Records that Pose the Biggest Obstacle to Becoming a Nurse
Super violent crimes, adult abuse, or things that are difficult to rehabilitate from are the biggest problem for past felonies. If you have drugs, alcohol, or domestic violence problems, you can do anger management, Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, or counseling. Things that you can rehabilitate from are much easier to get a license after. Meanwhile, abuse, sexual misconduct, convictions involving honesty like fraud, and identity theft, are things some people won’t consider something you can rehab from.
Just to recap. First, you need to figure out what state you would like to get licensed in. Second, call an attorney in that state knowledgeable about the nursing board. Ask them, what are the laws around past felony convictions there?
There may not be a bunch of specific rules about the past. I know most boards will have specific implementations if you’re currently licensed and then get a felony. But not all the boards are going to have laws that state what’s going to happen if you’ve had a past felony. But still, talk it over. Where does the board usually look? What did they do with this type of felony in the past? If there are some steps you can take during nursing school, like either going to AA, rehab, or counseling? Things that will then set you up and put you in a better position when you ultimately apply for your license. Those are important things that you need to think about.
So, take a deep breath. If you do have a felony, it’s not going to completely bar you from being a nurse most likely. Just kind of do your research and good luck with your nursing career.
Other Blogs Of Interest
- What Would a Nurse be Subject to if Recently Convicted of a Felony?
- Can you be a Nurse in Indiana with a Felony?
- Nursing Law: Can you be a Nurse with a Misdemeanor Assault Charge?
Can You Be a Nurse With a Misdemeanor?
Can you become a nurse with a misdemeanor in your past? Two things: one, this is not state specific. This is general information about what most boards will consider. And two, applicant nurses will be the target of this post. I’m not going to talk about what happens if you’re currently a licensed nurse and get a misdemeanor. This is about people with a past misdemeanor, who are going to apply for their first LPN, RN, or CNA. Let’s talk about the application process.
Entering Nursing School With Past Record
Normally, almost any nursing board application is going to ask for any past felonies. You’ll have to disclose those. And two, this is the important language: it may ask if you’ve ever been convicted of a misdemeanor. Some will just say, have you ever been convicted of a misdemeanor involving drugs or alcohol? Each state is a little bit different. You need to look at the specific language and then determine if it’s necessary for you to disclose the misdemeanor. Now, every board is going to run a criminal background check. I find from state to state, the sensitivity of that background check varies wildly.
So, in one state, something can pop up whereas, in another, it doesn’t pop up at all. One consideration for many nurses is not having disclosed anything, say, from 25 years ago, which they should have done. Now it popped up on the background check. Then the board initiated an investigation and asked them to explain what happened and why they failed to disclose it.
One thing you could do is find an attorney in your state that handles nursing board cases. And if you’re unsure whether something qualifies for disclosure, talk to them and see if it meets the threshold. What you don’t want to do is fail to disclose something that should have been disclosed. And that could open you up to discipline. The board may decide to grant you a license. But they will still formally discipline you for failing to disclose a prior criminal incident you should’ve disclosed. That’s the first thing you need to think about. Alright, what does the application say? And then do I need to disclose it or not? Now, the next analysis is what’s the likelihood of you not getting licensed because of a past misdemeanor.
Boards Will Most Likely Make Nurses Disclose Felonies
As I said, almost every board will make a nurse disclose felonies. And depending upon what it is, it could mean that a nurse will not get their license. Now, just because you’ve had a felony in your past, doesn’t mean that you won’t get your nursing license. That’s not a guarantee. It would depend upon the nature of the felony, how long ago it was, that type of thing. It’s highly unlikely that any misdemeanor in your past would prevent you entirely from obtaining a nursing license. What could prevent that would be if there are a bunch of misdemeanors. If you’ve committed various offenses in the past, it might affect whether you receive a license or not. If you’ve had one 20 years ago, when you were 19, it’s extremely unlikely that it will prevent you from obtaining a license.
There are scenarios where you have had several misdemeanors in your past. Let’s just say someone had three DUIs. Maybe 10 years ago. In that time period, the board is going to ask you questions about your use of drugs and alcohol. How much do you drink? When was the last time you were intoxicated? Did you ever go into AA? Did you ever do any kind of rehab or IOP?
They want to know if you’ve experienced brief periods of distress, which is common among people struggling with substance abuse. Or who may be experiencing other problems in their lives, such as an abusive partner or a mental health problem? Have you resolved the issues from the past, as the board will want to know? Do they believe that you pose a future risk to patient safety? It is worse for the nurse the shorter the period of time between the criminal act and the license application.
Determined to Become a Nurse?
If you’ve had three DUIs within the past year, the board will be very concerned that you have an alcohol-related problem. And they may flatly deny your application or, alternatively, offer probation while also granting you a license. And they’ll tell you, “You’ll have to do drug tests. There’ll be supervision at work. You may have to do AA or a nurse recovery group. You can’t pass narcs.” There may be restrictions on the license, but they’ll likely also grant it.
It’s rare that someone’s criminal background would completely bar them from being licensed. If you are willing to go on probation in some situations, it shouldn’t matter. Additionally, the board will consider it favorably if you clearly took some proactive measures to resolve the problems. Will a misdemeanor hurt your chances? Yes, it’ll make it harder, but it certainly is unlikely to be a complete bar for getting it.
Since we’re in Arizona, this won’t help you if you live in another state. But I believe this is sound general advice for nurses regarding what to consider if you have a criminal record. Sometimes people wanting to go to nursing school will call. They’ll say, “I don’t want to enroll in nursing school if it’s even unlikely for me to get licensed.” In that scenario, reach out to an attorney that does nursing board work in your state and ask if they have experience dealing with this type of crime. If they think it’s worth it, if it’s okay, and the likelihood of you getting a license. That’s valuable information. It would be a terrible situation to enroll in nursing school, spend all that money and time, then apply with no chance of receiving a license due to past criminal incidents. I hate for that to happen to anybody. We also offer legal defense for nurses in Texas, providing dedicated legal representation before the Texas Board of Nursing.